A film, also known as a motion picture, video film or digital movie, is a complex work of artistic visual art used to replicate experiences, stories, ideas, emotions, beauty, or environment through the use of moving pictures. The term “film” comes from the Greek term “filos” which means “singing.” Over time, the film has evolved into a highly technical and sophisticated art form that requires years of training to master the skill. While some films are produced in the conventional manner using film developing equipment, many films are produced on computerized equipment known as digital film.
Filmmakers are required to learn the basics of film techniques and design before they can begin producing their films. Students need to learn how to capture motion pictures with a digital camera or other digital device and then transfer those images into a digital format that can be edited, enhanced or changed before the film is released. Film students learn about the different kinds of film that are available and about the different effects that the film may not have when it is released. Students will also learn about the different colors, types of film and formats that are available for viewing. When a motion picture is made, a copy is first made, and the film is distributed to viewers for viewing.
The format of the film can vary according to the type of video camera being used. However, there are four types of standard formats that all motion picture cameras can use: “standard” format, “long frame” format, “wide screen” format and “time code” format. Most filmmakers prefer to work in “long frame format” because it allows for a greater amount of movement in the film.
The two most common types of motion picture technology today are digital and acetate. Digital motion pictures are usually on computers or DVD’s while acetate films are usually on regular, non-porous films. The advantage of digital motion pictures is that they are more affordable since they do not require a VCR. However, some disadvantages of digital motion pictures include a shorter life span, less flexible and better picture quality. Acetate films, on the other hand, are more flexible, long lasting and cost effective, but they are more expensive.
There are two common methods of archiving cellulose acetate. The first method, and the most commonly used one, involve taking the cellulose acetate out of the original negative and then reproducing it using a special machine. This kind of reproduction is referred to as “cellulose nitrate” printing. The prints can then be placed on slides or, for a more professional look, they can be placed on canvas. The prints are extremely sensitive to abrasion, so they must be processed immediately after production. The prints are more expensive than the nitrate prints.
Another way to store cellulose acetate is by using heat-resistant materials such as polyester film. The greatest disadvantage of storing films is that the films are vulnerable to damage from extreme temperatures. The best option, therefore, is to store the films in glass-walled canisters at room temperature and can be placed in dark rooms. This allows the cellulose film to resist degradation caused by changes in temperature.